Towards the last two months of my last visit to India in the spring of 2012, I encountered the Tibetan community in exile in India experiencing painful news of their people self-immolating in fire one after another in China-occupied Tibet. My experiences in the past visits in India (drawing a cremation site in Varanasi, documenting fire pits, cremation alters, and contemplating on life and death around fire) synchronized with this particular movement, an extreme way of ‘offering’ their bodies to ‘fire’ for asking freedom and peace.I could not help drawing large and small drawings as emotional response and with a sense of mourning.

After coming back to Vancouver, the self-immolation kept happening and I felt that my personal and professional task is not finished.

I have come back to India to continue to document and draw under the same theme.

29 January 2019

Remember Lobsang Tsultrim March 19 2012

For Lobsang Tsultrim, 20 years old monk from Kirti Monastery, who self immolated in Ngaba, Amdo, Tibet on March 19 2012.

According to the Kirti monks in exile, he marched down the main road of the country town and shouting slogans and as he walked on from the site of his self immolation, armed police personnel came running to interrupt him.  He turned and ran back in the other direction, continuing to shout.
He was then knocked to the ground and held by police officers.
Despite, he kept raising his arms and shouting slogans.

Lobsang passed away in custody and only a portion of his ashes was returned to his family.

He was a relative of Norbu Damdrul, a former Kirti monk who died after self immolating on October 15 2011 and became the 13th current or former monk from Kirti Monastery to carry out the protest.

13 January 2019

Love - Life / India - Tibet - Gwangju

It started in India, longing for Tibetan Plateau through the Himalayan mountains and Indus river.

One human's humble drawings made from her heart-wrenching reactions since 2012 have travelled afar since.

Through threads of many hands and empathetic hearts of 
then-unknown-now-close friends.
In same way,  drawings reached Gwangju, Korea in 2018.

A place that  witnessed an unforgettable moment of students and civilians arising 
for democratic freedom in 1980.

A seed in my heart was planted there during the first visit and now it has rooted, growing like a tree.

The monumental pagoda tree* and Jeonil building* in Gwangju, Korea
both are witnesses of Gwangju Uprising.

Love Life - Live 

* The pagoda tree was blown to ground by typhoon in August 2012, however, it is still remembered as a symbol of the protest by many civilians. 
*Jeonil Building has 170 bullet marks left from the military helicopter attack to civilians in May 1980 ( Information given by Myoung Jin Choi, Director of AHHA Gallery, Gwangju, Korea)

Tashi Delek 2019

この世界の片隅まで 光がそそぎますように。
May light permeate to the every dark corner of the world.

12 December 2018

For Drugkho December 8 2018

For Drugkho, a Tibetan man in his 20s, who self immolated on December 8 2018 in Ngaba, Amdo, Tibet.

He set himself on fire while shouting slogans calling for the long life of the Dalai Lama and freedom in Tibet. ( English) ( Japanese)

8 November 2018

For Dhorbo November 4 2018

For Dhorbo, 23 years old, who self immolated on November 4 in Ngaba town, Amdo, Tibet.

It is reported that  he called out the slogans,  "May Gyalwa Rinpoche return to Tibet", "Freedom to Tibet", then put himself on fire.

He lived with his uncle as a nomad after his mother passed away 6 years ago.
( Tibetan)
( Japanese)

15 October 2018

Remember Jamyang Palden March 14 2012

For Jamyang Palden, who self immolated on March 14, 2012 in Rongwo Town, Rebkong, Amdo,

Jamyang, a monk from Rongpo Monastery in his late 30s, left the morning prayer session around 10 am and headed to Dolma ( Tara) Square in front of the main temple.  He offered a prostration three times towards the direction of the main temple.  Then he raised slogans 'May Gyalwa Rinpoche come back to Phayul  and may Tibetans and our language be always protected' to set up himself on fire.

The local people who were there to prostrate tried to extinguish the flame, however, he was badly burnt. 

He was admitted to the hospital then brought back to the monastery by monks, who feared his body may be taken by the authority.  A doctor was called in to give treatments.*

Monks and local people gathered at the site of his protest to offer prayers and to show the solidarity by raising slogans. 

Jamyang's self immolation protest has also likely triggered  a peaceful protest by around 700 students in the area for protection of Tibetan language and equanimity for Tibetans.

March 14 was the four year anniversary of a major protest that happened in Lhasa in 2008.  It is said hundreds of people were killed.

* I could not find the exact date but Kusho Jamyang passed away after one year. (Japanese) ( English)

10 September 2018

Remember Gepey, March 10 2012

For Gepey, a 18 yrs old monk from Kirti Monastery, who self immolated on March 10 2012 in Ngaba, Amdo, Tibet.

Gepey set himself ablaze in the late afternoon near the first military base set up by the People's Liberation Army upon arriving in the area in 1950, which is 1.5 km away from Kirti monastery.

Soldiers took Gepey's body into the base, and some local Tibetans confronted them, seeking the return of the body to his family.
Officials did give Gepey's body back to the Tibetans, but also specified that Gepey should be cremated the same day and in the presence of no more than five relatives, disrespecting the customary funeral rights of Tibetans.

Tibetans believe it is important to carry out prayer rituals after death in order to ensure a peaceful transition for the person in to their next life. In Tibetan culture, for this reason, the body of a person who has died should be disturbed as little as possible.

In case of Tibetans who have self immolated, many Tibetans believe that they were giving their lives as a form of dedication, or to be of benefit to others, and so it becomes even more important for the bodies to be returned for prayer ceremonies.

It is not known if Gepey deliverately chose this date to mark the anniversary of the 1959 Tibetan Uprising, and the forth anniversary of the protests beginning on March 10, 2008.

Captions from:

Flames of the Homeland by Tsering Woeser, Translated by Ian Boyden

I am sharing the poem of Tsering Woeser, which has been translated into English by Ian Boyden, 

a visual artist, translator, and writer.  He has worked with Tsering Woeser for many years and 

has recently been awarded NEA Literature Translation Fellowship to translate the poetry of Tsering Woeser.   

For more information about his work, please go to

Flames of the Homeland

March is peculiar.
The sweeping winds are long in coming,
and dust-filled air obscures a flame
in my homeland.
From where I sit, my view is limited,
the flame bright then dark. But even if I were nearby
I couldn’t approach it.
To behold such a sight
would break my heart.

Even more houses destroyed
by an invisible hand.
Even more prayers disappeared
in the din of harsh and alien accents.
Even more pillaging and unstoppable negotiations.
Drifting, destitute and homeless.
This world of dust, a story
full of grief.

From where I sit
at the window
on the twenty-first floor of a highrise,
it is as though I’ve placed myself
in a perilous frame
of the twenty-first century.
No need to distance myself.
The flames are almost within reach
but obscure.

Outside the window, the poison air
seethes and boils.
No wonder all the living creatures
of this country rot
one after another.

I bow my head to record
my homeland’s flames
that spark suddenly and extinguish suddenly. 
One by one by one, one hundred fifty-
two flames and counting, unstoppable.[1] 
But there’s not a sound to be heard.
I think of the poet Pasternak,[2]
who wrote “dipping my pen into ink,
I can not help
but cry.”

And I also see this:
in the ashes,
a reborn soul
beautiful beyond compare.

—Tsering Woeser
March 25, 2017, Beijing

[1] The flames in this poem are the flames of Tibetan self-immolators. Since 2008, a wave of self-immolation has swept across Tibet, to date 152 individuals have burned themselves alive, many of them Buddhist monks. The majority of these self-immolations have been expressions of political protest against China’s occupation of Tibet, as well as its oppression and systematic destruction of Tibetan culture. Woeser discusses this topic in her extraordinary book Tibet on Fire (Verso Books, 2016).

[2] This line is from Boris Pasternak’s poem “February” written in 1912. There are many translations of this poem into English, however, they are all quite different from how the poem was rendered in Chinese. So, to this end, I have translated the Chinese translation of this poem, as it carries a tone not present in English translations made directly from the original Russian.

19 August 2018

Remember Dorjee March 5 2012

For Dorjee, 18 years old, who self immolated on March 5 2012 in Cha, Ngaba, Amdo, Tibet.

Dorjee set himself on fire around 6:30 pm and walked towards the local government office in Cha township.  He shouted slogans against the Chinese government policy on Tibet.  It is believed that he died at the scene, and that authorities took away his body.

His body was scarcely visible as the flames around him were so fierce.
Many people on the street were reciting mantras and praying to Gyalwa Rinpoche with tears and grief in their eyes ( reported one of the witnesses).

Note: Drawings that are titled 'Remember' are for people who had carried out the protest before I started drawing for each person who self immolated, which was May 2012 ( For Dargye. For Dorje Tseten. For Rikyo and Tamdin Thar ).

For 'Remember' series, I went to back to 2009 and started drawing for Tapey, the Kirti monk, who first self immolated and slowly drawing for each chronologically up to date.